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All information and data provided is based on the D-EITI report for 2018 (Feb. 2021). The reporting period is the year 2018. In addition to the data of the reporting year, data of other years are provided in the download section. The individual datasets are grouped thematically below. A compilation of D-EITI data can be found here.

Data used at the interactive map on natural resources

The production data presented here are based on the publication of the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi) “Der Bergbau in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland” (“Mining in the Federal Republic of Germany”).
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Data on natural resource extraction in Germany

The figures on the production volumes (Extraction of natural resources in Germany) were taken from the following publications:
Hard coal and lignite are based on (SDK 2019) “Coal mining in the energy sector of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2018’ (Der Kohlenbergbau in der Energiewirtschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland im Jahr 2018). The figures for crude oil and natural gas were taken from (LBEG 2019) “Crude oil and natural gas in the Federal Republic of Germany 2018’ (Erdöl und Erdgas in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2018). The figures for potash and potash salt products, special clay, rock salt, boiled salt, industrial brine, kaolin, quartz gravel and sand, gravel and sand, crushed natural stone, artificial stone and lime, marl & dolomite stone are based on (BGR 2019 (German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources)) “Deutschland – Raw materials situation 2018”. This is an annual publication, which also includes information about the extraction of natural resources in Germany.

Furthermore, the data on the value of the associated production volumes is not included in the official statistics. Data is therefore taken from other publications, such as the annual reports of the associations (with regard to aggregates, especially MIRO 2019) or various publications of the Federal Statistical Office. In detail, the production values of hard coal, lignite, crude oil and natural gas are based on estimates from the 2018 average cross-border prices (BGR 2019). The values for potash and potash salt products, special clays (values according to Destatis), rock salt and industrial brine (values according to Destatis) and kaolin (values according to IM 2018 (Industrial Materials) are also taken from the same publication. The values for the production of quartz sand and gravel, gravel and sand and broken natural stone are taken from [BGR 2019]. The values for the production of natural stone, limestone, marl and dolomite stone are taken from the data provided by the Federal Statistical Office.

The data was not subjected to any specific verification procedure.

Hard coal

German hard coal production had been declining steadily for years and production was terminated in a socially-acceptable manner at the end of 2018. 2.6 million tonnes of usable output were extracted in 2018. An approximate value of €247 million for this quantity can be estimated from the average 2018 cross-border prices for power station coal.


At 166.3 million tonnes, lignite extraction remained around the previous year’s level. According to the estimate of the BGR, this corresponds to a value of €2,218 million.

Crude oil

German crude oil production in 2018 was approx. 2.1 million tonnes. As in the case of hard coal, the BGR again used the average 2018 cross-border prices as a basis for estimating the value of crude oil production at €783 million.

Natural gas

2018 saw 6.9 million m³ of natural gas (incl. petroleum gas) extracted from sites in nine German Federal States. As in the case of crude oil, the BGR again used the average 2018 cross-border prices as a basis for estimating the value of natural gas production at €1,402 million.

Potash salt

Two companies in Germany extract potash salt and magnesium salt. The usable extracted output in 2018 amounted to 6.2 million tonnes in the form of potash and potash salt products (BGR 2019). The BGR calculated that the total quantity of these products has a value of roughly €1,746 million.


In 2018, around 14.48 million tonnes of usable clay (fine and coarse ceramic clay) were extracted in Germany. The clay in question is high-quality material for the ceramic industry, refractory clays as well as brick clays. According to the Federal Statistical Office, the BGR calculated the value of this amount at
€141.4 million.

Rock salt, industrial brine and boiled salt

15.2 million tonnes of rock salt and industrial brine (NaCl content) were extracted in Germany in 2018. The BGR calculated the value of that quantity to be €381 million, based on value information from the Federal Statistical Office.


Kaolin or china clay is used mainly in the paper industry and in the production of fine ceramics. According to the BGR, 1.0 million tonnes of kaolin worth €73 million was extracted in 2018.

Quartz gravel and sand

10.7 million tonnes of quartz gravel and quartz sands were extracted in 2018, valued at €221 million. Among its other uses, the raw material is used as vitreous sand, foundry sand and as a filler in chemical and building chemical products.

Gravel, sand and broken natural stone

Around 95% of the gravel, sand and broken natural stone extracted today is used in the building and building materials industries [BGR 2019], where they are used in e. g. civil engineering and in the manufacture of concrete. In 2018, 259 million tonnes of gravel and sand were extracted, with a value of €1,733 million, as well as 226 million tonnes of broken natural stone with a value of €1,632 million.


Quarried natural stone is first extracted in raw blocks and then sawn into slabs of various formats. These slabs are used for e.g. façade cladding or as wall and floor covering. They are also used as windowsills, steps and gravestones. In 2018, 0.45 million tonnes of this natural resource were extracted, with an estimated value of €46 million (source: BGR).

Limestone, marlstone and dolomite

54.9 million tonnes of limestone, marlstone and dolomite valued at €846 million were extracted in 2018 (source: BGR). Limestone is used in many sectors, including home and road construction and in iron, steel, cement, glass and foodstuffs production.


[AGEB 2020] – Energy Balances WG (AG Energiebilanzen e.V. (2020):
“Energy consumption in Germany in 2019.” (Energieverbrauch in Deutschland im Jahr 2017)
URL: cle_id=29&fileName=ageb_jahresberi- cht2019_20200325_dt.pdf

[BGR 2019] – Federal Institute for Geosciences and schaften und Rohstoffe) (2019): “Germany – Raw Materials Situation 2018” (Deutschland – Rohstoffsituation 2018)

[BGR 2020] – Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (Bundesanstalt für Geowissen- schaften und Rohstoffe) (2020): BGR Energy Study 2019 – Data and developments in German and global energy supply (BGR-Energiestudie 2019 – Daten und Entwicklungen der deutschen und globalen Energieversorgung) (23). – 200 S.; Hannover. – URL: Downloads/energiestudie_2019.pdf? blob=publica- tionFile&v=3

[Destatis] – Statistisches Bundesamt (various years): Survey portal. – URL: and (various years): Producing industries (Produzierendes Gewerbe). – URL: Wirtschaftsbereiche/IndustrieVerarbeitendesGewer be/IndustrieVerarbeitendesGewerbe.html

[IM 2018] – Industrial Materials (2018): IM Price Database

[LBEG 2019] – State Office for Mining, Energy and Geology (Landesamt für Bergbau, Energie und Geologie) (2019): Crude oil and natural gas in the Federal Republic of Germany (Erdöl und Erdgas in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) – URL:

[MIRO 2019] – Federal Association of Mineral Resources (Bundesverband Mineralische Rohstoffe e. V.) 2018: “The German Stone Quarrying Industry. (Die deutsche Gesteinsindustrie) – Report of the Management Board 2018/2019” (Bericht der Geschäftsführung 2018/2019)

[SDK 2019] – Statistics of coal economy e. V. (2019) (Statistik der Kohlenwirtschaft e. V. (2019): “Coal Min- ing in the Energy Industry of the Federal Republic of Germany 2018.” (Der Kohlenbergbau in der Energiewirtschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2018) – URL:

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Data on contribution to the GDP

The data was taken from the current national accounts of the Federal Statistical Office (as of August 2020). The “Mining and Quarrying” economic sector includes the extraction of naturally- occurring solid mineral resources (coal, salt, ores, quarried natural resources), liquid mineral resources (crude oil) and gaseous mineral resources (natural gas).

In the statistical classification of economic activities (WZ 2008), the “Mining and quarrying” sector covers the whole of section B with the following sub-sectors: Coal mining (WZ08-05); crude oil and natural gas ex- traction (WZ08-06); ore mining (WZ08-07); Quarried natural resources, other mining products (WZ08-08) and the performance of services for mining and for quarrying (WZ08-09). A detailed list of these sub-sectors can be found in the publication “Classification of Economic Activities” (Klassifikation der Wirtschafts- zweige) of the Federal Statistical Office, pages 175 to
185. It should be noted that section B (“Mining and Quarrying”) includes the sub-sector “Provision of Services for Mining and Quarrying” (WZ08-09). This, however, does not include classical extraction activities.

In addition, there are other companies which extract natural resources; however, these are allocated to a different economic sector due to their main activities and are therefore not included in the following.

Data on employment

Data on the employees was taken from the database of the Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit).

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Data on exports

The German natural resources export data (Exports) is based on information on the goods divisions of the goods catalogue from the production statistics of the Federal Statistical Office. These calculations include “coal” (GP09-05), “crude oil and natural gas” (GP09-06), “ores” (GP09-07) and “quarried natural resources, other mining products” (GP09-08). The data on the exports from 2012 – 2018 was taken from the Genesis Online Database by Destatis on July 22, 2020.

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Data from the statutory payment reports

The data for the years 2016-2018 were taken from the payment reports published in the Federal Gazette (

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Data on mining authorizations

The data on mining authorizations were provided by the mining authorities of the federal states on the basis of the official registers as of 01.02.2019.
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Data on government revenues through taxes

Corporation tax

Statistical data from the years 2010 to 2015 was assessed. For the purposes of the assessment, the corporation tax amounts imposed on unlimited and limited corporation taxpayers before the deduction of capital gains tax or the like were taken into account. The update for the years to 2018 was made on the basis of the development of the gross value added of the economic sector B, “Mining and Quarrying.”

Trade tax

Trade tax in Germany is collected by more than 11,000 municipalities according to individually-determined and thus differing rates. The basis for the calculation of the trade tax is trade income. This is the profit determined pursuant to the income tax law or the corporation tax law. The amount of trade tax may be increased or reduced by additions and reductions as per the German Trade Tax Act. The trade income is the basis to determine a tax assessment amount in a nationwide uniform procedure. If the commercial enterprise has permanent establishments in several municipalities, the taxable amount is apportioned to the individual permanent establishment municipalities. The trade tax to be paid by the commercial enterprise is determined by applying the respective assessment rate of the municipality to the tax assessment amount or apportionment share. Trade tax is levied on corporations, partnerships and natural persons with their commercial income.

Only the taxable amounts determined during the assessment procedure are included in the trade tax statistics. The Federal Statistical Office used the results of a special evaluation of statistics for the years 2010 and 2015 to assign the positive taxable amounts of the companies in question to the relevant tax rates charged by the respective municipalities. This enabled the trade tax to be determined in an approximate manner.

Income tax

Natural persons, as individual entrepreneurs or members of a partnership, can also make profits in the extractive sector – and are therefore subject to trade and income tax. However, income tax statistics do not include breakdowns by economic activity. This effectively means that these statistics will not be used for this study. The statistics on partnerships, however, are broken down into economic sectors, but they are only used to determine the earned income, which is subject either to corporation tax or income tax imposed on the parties involved (co-entrepreneurs).

Due to the above-mentioned problems, the income tax attributable to the extractive sector was estimated by means of the following procedures, using the trade tax statistics and the statistics on partnerships and communities:

An approximate profit was determined for the individual entrepreneurs, by means of retroactive calculation, using the positive taxable amounts assessed in the trade tax statistics for this group of persons. The sum of the income of partnerships, which, in the relevant industry, is attributable to natural persons as participants, was assessed from the statistics on part- nerships and communities.

An average tax rate of 28.6% was applied to this profit or to this sum of earnings. This average tax rate was calculated using a microsimulation model for persons with commercial incomes who pay income tax. With the trade tax offset against the income tax, the results in the table show the approximate income tax amounts.

Solidarity surcharge

A solidarity surcharge is levied as a supplementary tax to income tax and corporation tax. It generally amounts to 5.5% of the established corporation tax and income tax (see previous explanations).
Income tax and solidarity surcharge are not part of the 2018 report.

Other payment flows not addressed in the following table are described in Revenues generated and Dealing with human interventions in nature and landscape

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Data on extraction and minesite royalties

Data on turnover of quarried natural resources

The data was taken from the “Annual Report for Business Operations for 2018” (Jahresbericht für Betriebe 2018) issued by the Federal Statistical Office. This report refers to companies with at least 20 employees. As this statistical data is not the same as the statistical data on employees covered by the mandatory social security scheme, the data in the report does not cover all extractive business operations.

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Data on rehabilitation aid

The data on the amounts of the subsidies was taken from the current subsidies report of the Federal Government. This report is published every two years (PDF).

Data on subsidies in the hard coal industry

The data on the amount of subsidies were taken from the 27th subsidy report of the Federal Government.

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Data on concessions for electricity and energy taxes

The data on concessions for electricity and energy taxes 2018 are based on the State Aid Transparency Public Search of the European Commission.

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Data on renewable energies

The data on primary energy consumption in 2018 was taken from the database of the Working Group on Energy Balances:

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Disclosed payment flows and quality assurance

The information on the reconciliation report can be found in this Excel file . The reconciliation report was prepared for the first report by the Independent Administrator of the D-EITI (Warth & Kleingrant Thornton, Düsseldorf). Further explanations for the preparation of the reconciliation report as well as for the selection of the relevant natural resources, companies, and payment flows are presented in this pdf . You will also find recommendations from the Independent Administrator for future reporting under D-EITI.
Download data reports of the companies for the reporting period 2018

Download payment reconciliations of the reporting periods 2016 and 2017

Data on previous D-EITI reports

The data collections of the 1st D-EITI Report – Report for 2016 and the 2nd D-EITI Report – Report for 2017 are available for download here.
Download of the data collection of the 1st D-EITI report

Download of the data collection of the 2nd D-EITI report

Collected data of the D-EITI

The multi-stakeholder group (MSG) of the German Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (D-EITI) has opted for the implementation of open data within D-EITI. The Open-Data-Concept is only applicable for data and information, which is public and/or allowed to be published by the MSG within the framework of the D-EITI, and only within the framework of the applicable legal bases. All data is freely available without restrictions according to the CC BY 4.0 license as well as the data license Germany version 2.0.