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Alle zur Verfügung gestellten Informationen und Daten basieren auf dem D-EITI Bericht für 2017 (Dez. 2019) . Der Berichtszeitraum ist das Jahr 2017. Zusätzlich zu den Daten des Berichtsjahres werden im Downloads-Bereich Daten anderer Jahre zur Verfügung gestellt. Die einzelnen Datensätze sind im Folgenden thematisch gruppiert. Eine Zusammenstellung der aggregierten D-EITI Daten finden Sie hier .
The production data presented here is mainly based on the publication of the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi) “Mining in Germany”
Furthermore, the data on the value of the associated production volumes is not included in the official statistics. Data is therefore taken from other sources, such as the associations’ annual reports or from various publications of the Federal Office of Statistics. In detail, the production values of hard coal, lignite, crude oil and natural gas are based on estimates from the 2015 average cross-border prices [BGR 2016]. The values for potash and potash salt products, special clays (values according to Destatis), rock salt and industrial brine (values according to Destatis) and china clay (values according to IM 2016 (Industrial Materials) are also taken from the same publication. The values for the production of quartz sand and gravel, gravel and sand and broken natural stone are taken from MIRO 2016. The values for the production of natural stone [DNV 2016] and of limestone, marl and dolomite stone are taken from the data provided by the Federal Office of Statistics. The data was not subjected to any specific verification procedure.
Plans are in the pipeline to end German hard coal extraction in a socially-acceptable manner by 2018, since the industry has been steadily declining for years. 6.2 million tons of usable output were extracted in 2015. An approximate value of €423 million for this quantity can be estimated from the average 2015 cross-border prices for power station coal.
At 178.1 million tons, lignite extraction remained around the previous year’s level. According to the estimate of the BGR, this corresponds to a value of €2,431 million.
German crude oil production in 2015 was 2.41 million tons. As in the case of hard coal, the BGR again used the average 2015 cross-border prices as a basis for estimating the value of crude oil production at €859 million.
2015 saw 9,387.62 m³ of natural gas (incl. petroleum gas) extracted from sites in nine German Federal States. As in the case of crude oil, the BGR again used the average 2015 cross-border prices as a basis for estimating the value of natural gas production at €2,064 million.
Two companies in Germany extract potash salt and magnesium salt. The usable extracted output in 2015 amounted to 5.7 million tons in the form of potash products [ BMWi 2016 ]. 1.5 million tons from other by-products of potash production must be added to that figure [
According to the German mining authorities, 6.40 million usable tons of special clay were extracted in Germany in 2015. The clay in question is high-quality material for the ceramic industry and refractory use. According to the Federal Office of Statistics, the BGR calculated the value of this amount at €148 million.
13.7 million tons of rock salt and industrial brine (NaCl content) were extracted in Germany in 2015, according to the German mining authorities. The BGR calculated the value of that quantity to be €566 million, based on value information from the Federal Office of Statistics.
China clay or kaolin is used mainly in the paper industry and in the production of fine ceramics. According to information provided by the German mining authorities, 5.3 million tons of kaolin-bearing raw material were extracted in 2015, of which 3.8 million tons were usable [
In 2015, 9.7 million tons of quartz gravel and quartz sands
Around 95% of the gravel, sand and broken natural stone extracted today is used in the building and building materials industries [BGR 2016], where they are used in underground engineering and in the manufacture of concrete amongst others. In 2015, 239 million tons of gravels and sands (with a value of €1,510 million) and 210 million tons of broken natural stone (valued at €1,439 million) were extracted.
Ashlar is first extracted in raw blocks and then sawn into plates of different formats, which are e.g. for facade cladding, wall and floor coverings, window sills, stair steps and gravestones. In 2015, 0.44 million tons of this natural resource were extracted, with an estimated value of €52 million.
48.9 million tons of limestone, marlstone and dolomite valued at €719 million were extracted in 2015. Limestone is used in many sectors, including home and road construction and in iron, steel, cement, glass and foodstuffs production.
[DNV 2016] – Deutscher Naturwerkstein-Verband e.V. (2016):
[BGR 2018] – Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (2018): „Deutschland – Rohstoffsituation 2017“
[Destatis] – Statistisches Bundesamt (versch. Jg. a): Erhebungsportal. – URL: https://erhebungsportal.estatistik.de/Erhebungsportal sowie (versch. Jg. b): Produzierendes Gewerbe. – URL : URL: https://www.natursteinverband.de/
[IM 2017] – Industrial Materials (2017): IM Price Database
[LBEG 2018] –Landesamt für Bergbau, Energie und Geologie (2018): Erdöl und Erdgas in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2017
[MIRO 2018] – Bundesverband Mineralische Rohstoffe e. V. (2018): „Die deutsche Gesteinsindustrie. – Bericht der Geschäftsführung 2017/2018“
[SDK 2018] – Statistik der Kohlenwirtschaft e.V. (2018): „Der Kohlenbergbau in der Energiewirtschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2017.“
Die Produktionsstatistiken vom Statistischen Bundesamt umfassen in diesen Berechnungen die Bereiche „Kohle“ (GP09-05), „Erdöl und Erdgas“ (GP09-06), „Erze“ (GP09-07) und „Steine und Erden, sonstiger Bergbau“ (GP09-08). Die Daten der Exporte von 2012 – 2017 wurden der Genesis-Online-Datenbank von Destatis entnommen. Die Daten für 2017 sind auf der Website des Statistischen Bundesamtes abrufbar. Die Aussagen zu den Re-Exporten von Erdgas sind aus BGR 2018.
The data was taken from the current national accounts of the Federal Office of Statistics (
(Stand August 2019) des Statistischen Bundesamtes entnommen. Der Wirtschaftszweig „Bergbau und Gewinnung von Steinen und Erden“ umfasst die Gewinnung natürlich vorkommender fester (Kohle, Salz, Erze, Steine und Erden), flüssiger (Erdöl) und gasförmiger (Erdgas) mineralischer Rohstoffe.
In der statistischen Klassifikation der Wirtschaftszweige (WZ 2008) umfasst der Sektor „Bergbau und Gewinnung von Steinen und Erden“ den gesamten Abschnitt B mit folgenden Subsektoren: Kohlenbergbau (WZ08-05); Gewinnung von Erdöl und Erdgas (WZ08-06); Erzbergbau (WZ08-07); Gewinnung von Steinen und Erden, sonstiger Bergbau (WZ08-08) sowie Erbringung von Dienstleistungen für den Bergbau und für die Gewinnung von Steinen und Erden (WZ08-09). Eine detaillierte Auflistung dieser Subsektoren findet sich in der Publikation „Klassifikation der Wirtschaftszweige“ des Statistischen Bundesamts auf den Seiten 175-185. Es gilt zu beachten, dass im Abschnitt B („Bergbau und Gewinnung von Steinen und Erden“) der Subsektor „Erbringung von Dienstleistungen für den Bergbau und für die Gewinnung von Steinen und Erden“ (WZ08-09) inkludiert ist. Dieser Bereich umfasst allerdings keine klassischen Gewinnungstätigkeiten. and ). The ‘Mining and Quarrying’ economic sector includes the extraction of naturally-occurring solid mineral resources (coal, salt, ores, quarried natural resources), liquid mineral resources (crude oil) and gaseous mineral resources (natural gas).
Data on exports
The German natural resources export data is based on information on the goods divisions of the goods catalogue for production statistics, Federal Office of Statistics. These calculations include ‘coal’ (GP09-05), ‘crude oil and natural gas’ (GP09-06), ‘ores’ (GP09-07) and ‘quarried natural resources, other mining products’ (GP09-08). The data on the exports between 2012 and 2016 was taken from the Genesis Online Database by Destatis on May 26, 2017.
Die Daten wurden den auf www.bundesanzeiger.de veröffentlichten Zahlungsberichten für die Jahre 2016 bis 2018 entnommen.
Die Daten zu den Bergbauberechtigungen wurden mit dem Stand 01.02.2019 durch die Bergbehörden der Länder auf Grundlage der amtlichen Verzeichnisse bereitgestellt.
Statistical data from the years 2010 to 2012 was assessed. For the purposes of the assessment, the corporation tax amounts imposed on unlimited and limited corporation taxpayers before the deduction of capital gains tax or the like were taken into account. The update for the years 2013 to 2015 was made on the basis of the development of the gross value added of the economic sector B, ‘Mining and Quarrying.’
Trade tax in Germany is collected by more than 11,000 municipalities according to individually determined and thus differing rates. The basis for the calculation of the trade tax is trade income. This is the profit determined pursuant to the income tax law or the corporation tax law. The amount of trade tax may be increased or reduced by additions and reductions as per the German Trade Tax Act. On the basis of the business income, a taxable amount is calculated uniformly throughout Germany and the trade tax to be paid by the company is determined by applying the respective tax factor of the municipality to the taxable amount. Trade tax is levied on corporations, partnerships and natural persons with their commercial income.
Only the taxable amounts determined during the assessment procedure are included in the trade tax statistics. The Federal Office of Statistics used the results of a special evaluation of statistics for the years 2010 and 2011 to assign the positive taxable amounts of the companies in question to the relevant tax rates charged by the respective municipalities. This enabled the trade tax to be determined in an approximate manner.
Natural persons, as individual entrepreneurs or members of a partnership, can also make profits in the natural resources extractive sector – and are therefore subject to trade and income tax. However, income tax statistics do not include any breakdown by economic sectors, therefore this statistic could not be used for the present study. The statistics on partnerships, however, are broken down into economic sectors, but they are only used to determine the earned income, which is subject either to corporation tax or income tax imposed on the parties involved (co-entrepreneurs).
Due to the above-mentioned problems, the income tax attributable to the natural resources extractive sector was estimated by means of the following procedures, using the trade tax statistics and the statistics on partnerships and communities:
An approximate profit was determined for the individual entrepreneurs, by means of retroactive calculation, using the positive taxable amounts assessed in the trade tax statistics for this group of persons. The sum of the income of partnerships, which, in the relevant industry, is attributable to natural persons as participants, was assessed from the statistics on partnerships and communities.
An average tax rate of 28.6 % was applied to this profit or to this sum of earnings. This average tax rate was calculated using a microsimulation model for persons with commercial incomes who pay income tax. With the trade tax offset against the income tax, the results in the table show the approximate income tax amounts.
A solidarity surcharge is levied as a supplementary tax to income tax and corporation tax. It generally amounts to 5.5 % of the established corporation tax and income tax (see previous explanations).
Income tax and the solidarity surcharge are not part of the D-EITI payment reconciliation.
The data has been extracted from the ‘Annual Report for Business Operations for 2016’ (Jahresbericht für Betriebe 2016) issued by the Federal Office of Statistics. This report refers to companies with at least 20 employees. As this statistical data is not the same as the statistical data on employees covered by the mandatory social security scheme, the data in the report does not cover all extractive business operations (EXCEL).
Daten zum 1. D-EITI Bericht (2016)
Die aggregierten Daten des 1. D-EITI Berichts – Bericht für 2016 stehen hier zum Download zur Verfügung.
The multi-stakeholder group (MSG) of the German Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (D-EITI) has opted for the implementation of open data within D-EITI. The Open-Data-Concept is only applicable for data and information, which is public and/or allowed to be published by the MSG within the framework of the D-EITI, and only within the framework of the applicable legal bases. All data is freely available without restrictions according to the CC BY 4.0 license as well as the data license Germany version 2.0.