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The figures on the production volumes (Extraction of natural resources in Germany) were taken from the following publications:
Hard coal and lignite are based on (SDK 2019) “Coal mining in the energy sector of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2018’ (Der Kohlenbergbau in der Energiewirtschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland im Jahr 2018). The figures for crude oil and natural gas were taken from (LBEG 2019) “Crude oil and natural gas in the Federal Republic of Germany 2018’ (Erdöl und Erdgas in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2018). The figures for potash and potash salt products, special clay, rock salt, boiled salt, industrial brine, kaolin, quartz gravel and sand, gravel and sand, crushed natural stone, artificial stone and lime, marl & dolomite stone are based on (BGR 2019 (German Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources)) “Deutschland – Raw materials situation 2018”. This is an annual publication, which also includes information about the extraction of natural resources in Germany.
Furthermore, the data on the value of the associated production volumes is not included in the official statistics. Data is therefore taken from other publications, such as the annual reports of the associations (with regard to aggregates, especially MIRO 2019) or various publications of the Federal Statistical Office. In detail, the production values of hard coal, lignite, crude oil and natural gas are based on estimates from the 2018 average cross-border prices (BGR 2019). The values for potash and potash salt products, special clays (values according to Destatis), rock salt and industrial brine (values according to Destatis) and kaolin (values according to IM 2018 (Industrial Materials) are also taken from the same publication. The values for the production of quartz sand and gravel, gravel and sand and broken natural stone are taken from [BGR 2019]. The values for the production of natural stone, limestone, marl and dolomite stone are taken from the data provided by the Federal Statistical Office.
German crude oil production in 2018 was approx. 2.1 million tonnes. As in the case of hard coal, the BGR again used the average 2018 cross-border prices as a basis for estimating the value of crude oil production at €783 million.
2018 saw 6.9 million m³ of natural gas (incl. petroleum gas) extracted from sites in nine German Federal States. As in the case of crude oil, the BGR again used the average 2018 cross-border prices as a basis for estimating the value of natural gas production at €1,402 million.
Two companies in Germany extract potash salt and magnesium salt. The usable extracted output in 2018 amounted to 6.2 million tonnes in the form of potash and potash salt products (BGR 2019). The BGR calculated that the total quantity of these products has a value of roughly €1,746 million.
In 2018, around 14.48 million tonnes of usable clay (fine and coarse ceramic clay) were extracted in Germany. The clay in question is high-quality material for the ceramic industry, refractory clays as well as brick clays. According to the Federal Statistical Office, the BGR calculated the value of this amount at
Kaolin or china clay is used mainly in the paper industry and in the production of fine ceramics. According to the BGR, 1.0 million tonnes of kaolin worth €73 million was extracted in 2018.
Around 95% of the gravel, sand and broken natural stone extracted today is used in the building and building materials industries [BGR 2019], where they are used in e. g. civil engineering and in the manufacture of concrete. In 2018, 259 million tonnes of gravel and sand were extracted, with a value of €1,733 million, as well as 226 million tonnes of broken natural stone with a value of €1,632 million.
54.9 million tonnes of limestone, marlstone and dolomite valued at €846 million were extracted in 2018 (source: BGR). Limestone is used in many sectors, including home and road construction and in iron, steel, cement, glass and foodstuffs production.
[AGEB 2020] – Energy Balances WG (AG Energiebilanzen e.V. (2020):
“Energy consumption in Germany in 2019.” (Energieverbrauch in Deutschland im Jahr 2017)
URL: https://ag-energiebilanzen.de/index.php?arti- cle_id=29&fileName=ageb_jahresberi- cht2019_20200325_dt.pdf
[BGR 2019] – Federal Institute for Geosciences and schaften und Rohstoffe) (2019): “Germany – Raw Materials Situation 2018” (Deutschland – Rohstoffsituation 2018)
[BGR 2020] – Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (Bundesanstalt für Geowissen- schaften und Rohstoffe) (2020): BGR Energy Study 2019 – Data and developments in German and global energy supply (BGR-Energiestudie 2019 – Daten und Entwicklungen der deutschen und globalen Energieversorgung) (23). – 200 S.; Hannover. – URL: https://www.bgr.bund.de/DE/Themen/Energie/ Downloads/energiestudie_2019.pdf? blob=publica- tionFile&v=3
[Destatis] – Statistisches Bundesamt (various years): Survey portal. – URL: https://erhebungsportal.estatistik.de/Erhebungsportal and (various years): Producing industries (Produzierendes Gewerbe). – URL: https://www.destatis.de/DE/ZahlenFakten/ Wirtschaftsbereiche/IndustrieVerarbeitendesGewer be/IndustrieVerarbeitendesGewerbe.html
[IM 2018] – Industrial Materials (2018): IM Price Database
[LBEG 2019] – State Office for Mining, Energy and Geology (Landesamt für Bergbau, Energie und Geologie) (2019): Crude oil and natural gas in the Federal Republic of Germany (Erdöl und Erdgas in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland) – URL: https://www.lbeg.niedersachsen.de/download/144280/Erdoel_und_Erdgas_in_der_Bundesrepublik_-Deutschland_2018.pdf
[MIRO 2019] – Federal Association of Mineral Resources (Bundesverband Mineralische Rohstoffe e. V.) 2018: “The German Stone Quarrying Industry. (Die deutsche Gesteinsindustrie) – Report of the Management Board 2018/2019” (Bericht der Geschäftsführung 2018/2019)
[SDK 2019] – Statistics of coal economy e. V. (2019) (Statistik der Kohlenwirtschaft e. V. (2019): “Coal Min- ing in the Energy Industry of the Federal Republic of Germany 2018.” (Der Kohlenbergbau in der Energiewirtschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2018) – URL: https://kohlenstatistik.de/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/Kohlenwirt_Silberheft_final.pdf
The data was taken from the current national accounts of the Federal Statistical Office (as of August 2019). The “Mining and Quarrying” economic sector includes the extraction of naturally- occurring solid mineral resources (coal, salt, ores, quarried natural resources), liquid mineral resources (crude oil) and gaseous mineral resources (natural gas).
In the statistical classification of economic activities (WZ 2008), the “Mining and quarrying” sector covers the whole of section B with the following sub-sectors: Coal mining (WZ08-05); crude oil and natural gas ex- traction (WZ08-06); ore mining (WZ08-07); Quarried natural resources, other mining products (WZ08-08) and the performance of services for mining and for quarrying (WZ08-09). A detailed list of these sub-sectors can be found in the publication “Classification of Economic Activities” (Klassifikation der Wirtschafts- zweige) of the Federal Statistical Office, pages 175 to
185. It should be noted that section B (“Mining and Quarrying”) includes the sub-sector “Provision of Services for Mining and Quarrying” (WZ08-09). This, however, does not include classical extraction activities.
Data on the employees was taken from the database of the Federal Employment Agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit).
Data on exports
The German natural resources export data (Exports) is based on information on the goods divisions of the goods catalogue from the production statistics of the Federal Statistical Office. These calculations include “coal” (GP09-05), “crude oil and natural gas” (GP09-06), “ores” (GP09-07) and “quarried natural resources, other mining products” (GP09-08). The data on the exports from 2012 – 2018 was taken from the Genesis Online Database by Destatis on July 22, 2020.
Trade tax in Germany is collected by more than 11,000 municipalities according to individually-determined and thus differing rates. The basis for the calculation of the trade tax is trade income. This is the profit determined pursuant to the income tax law or the corporation tax law. The amount of trade tax may be increased or reduced by additions and reductions as per the German Trade Tax Act. The trade income is the basis to determine a tax assessment amount in a nationwide uniform procedure. If the commercial enterprise has permanent establishments in several municipalities, the taxable amount is apportioned to the individual permanent establishment municipalities. The trade tax to be paid by the commercial enterprise is determined by applying the respective assessment rate of the municipality to the tax assessment amount or apportionment share. Trade tax is levied on corporations, partnerships and natural persons with their commercial income.
Only the taxable amounts determined during the assessment procedure are included in the trade tax statistics. The Federal Statistical Office used the results of a special evaluation of statistics for the years 2010 and 2015 to assign the positive taxable amounts of the companies in question to the relevant tax rates charged by the respective municipalities. This enabled the trade tax to be determined in an approximate manner.
Natural persons, as individual entrepreneurs or members of a partnership, can also make profits in the extractive sector – and are therefore subject to trade and income tax. However, income tax statistics do not include breakdowns by economic activity. This effectively means that these statistics will not be used for this study. The statistics on partnerships, however, are broken down into economic sectors, but they are only used to determine the earned income, which is subject either to corporation tax or income tax imposed on the parties involved (co-entrepreneurs).
An approximate profit was determined for the individual entrepreneurs, by means of retroactive calculation, using the positive taxable amounts assessed in the trade tax statistics for this group of persons. The sum of the income of partnerships, which, in the relevant industry, is attributable to natural persons as participants, was assessed from the statistics on part- nerships and communities.
Other payment flows not addressed in the following table are described in Revenues generated and Dealing with human interventions in nature and landscape
The data was taken from the “Annual Report for Business Operations for 2018” (Jahresbericht für Betriebe 2018) issued by the Federal Statistical Office. This report refers to companies with at least 20 employees. As this statistical data is not the same as the statistical data on employees covered by the mandatory social security scheme, the data in the report does not cover all extractive business operations.
Download payment reconciliations of the reporting periods 2016 and 2017
Data on previous D-EITI reports
Download of the data collection of the 2nd D-EITI report
The multi-stakeholder group (MSG) of the German Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (D-EITI) has opted for the implementation of open data within D-EITI. The Open-Data-Concept is only applicable for data and information, which is public and/or allowed to be published by the MSG within the framework of the D-EITI, and only within the framework of the applicable legal bases. All data is freely available without restrictions according to the CC BY 4.0 license as well as the data license Germany version 2.0.