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How are mining projects approved?

The procedures for the approval and supervision of mining projects are not all equally regulated for all natural resources in Germany. They vary depending on the type of natural resource and its legal foundation in Federal and state governments.


Steps for the approval of mining projects according to the type of natural resources

➲ Right to mine
must be granted by the responsible mining authority

➲ Approval of the operating plan
by the mining authority (approval of the main operating plans every two years)

An operation-relevant approval specifies the technical and legal environmental conditions under which natural resources can be explored and extracted.

Supervision by the mining authorities of the Federal States

The extraction of free-to-mine and privately-owned natural resources is subject to supervision by the relevant mining authority (mining authorities; § 69(1) BBergG). In addition to awarding mining rights and granting operating plan approvals, the third core competence of the mining authorities is the supervision of mining operations.


According to the Federal Mining Act, mine inspectors may enter the mines, demand information, visit facilities and carry out tests – and they may also impose requirements in individual cases. The mining entrepreneurs also have obligations, e.g. to report incidents and accidents, to accept the actions of the mining inspection authorities and to accompany the mine inspectors on tours of the mines and mine buildings (inspections).

Proof of ownership:
of the land, e.g. land leasing contract must be submitted to the mining authority.

➲ Approval of the operating plan
by the mining authority (approval of the main operating plans every two years)

An operation-relevant approval specifies the technical and legal environmental conditions under which natural resources can be explored and extracted.

Supervision by the mining authorities of the Federal States

The extraction of free-to-mine and privately-owned natural resources is subject to supervision by the relevant mining authority (mining authorities; § 69(1) BBergG). In addition to awarding mining rights and granting operating plan approvals, the third core competence of the mining authorities is the supervision of mining operations.


According to the Federal Mining Act, mine inspectors may enter the mines, demand information, visit facilities and carry out tests – and they may also impose requirements in individual cases. The mining entrepreneurs also have obligations, e.g. to report incidents and accidents, to accept the actions of the mining inspection authorities and to accompany the mine inspectors on tours of the mines and mine buildings (inspections).



Steps for the approval of mining projects of landowners natural resources

Proof of ownership

of the land e.g. land leasing contract must be available.

Approval procedures

as per the Federal Immission Control Act , the State’s Excavation Laws , Building Laws or its Water Resources Legislation (in wet extraction) are carried out. The materials in question are mostly ‘bulk materials’ from the quarried natural resources sector.