Employees in the extractive sectors have a great variety of different occupations. Mine surveying engineers, for example, work on the exploration and surveying of resources, natural resources and geotechnical engineers carry out the setup and operation of the technical facilities and mining technologists perform mining operations in surface and underground minesites. The industry also offers qualified apprenticeships, such as industrial and process mechanics or electronics engineers.
As of the reporting date on June 6, 2016, a total of 71,074 were employed under the mandatory social security scheme in extractive sectors in Germany; more than half of all these employees worked in the ‘Quarried natural resources, other mining products’ sector (around 53 %) and more than a fifth worked in the Coal Mining sector (22 %). These figures include a total of 2,373 trainees working in the extractive sectors on the same reporting date. In relation to the total number of employees who pay social security contributions in Germany, this represented a percentage of around 0.23 % in the natural resources extractive sector.
Another important employment factor is the secondary effects of the extractive sector, through which additional jobs and apprenticeships are created. These mainly include the services of the suppliers and sub-contractors who are e.g. commissioned with the management of logistical and gastronomic tasks or with the construction and operation of minesites.
Employees of the ‘Mining and Quarrying’ sector – 2016
|Persons employed under the mandatory social security scheme as of the reporting date on June 6, 2016||No. of apprentices among these employees|
|Mining and quarrying in total||71,074||2,373|
|Extraction of crude oil and natural||3,045||105|
|Quarried natural resources, other mining products||37,982||1,068|
|Provision of Services for Mining||13,306||340|
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* For reasons of data protection and statistical confidentiality, numerical values of 1 or 2 and data from which such numerical values can be mathematically deduced are made anonymous.